BRIBERY and kickbacks are the most common types of corruption in Namibia’s private sector.
This was revealed in a report titled “The role of the private sector in tackling corruption” compiled by Johan Coetzee of the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR).
He said other prevalent types of bribes common in the private sector include gifts, hospitality and the paying of expenses as well as facilitation of payments for services.
Coetzee said the facilitation of payments involved under-invoicing, double invoicing, and multiple invoicing with the aim of misleading the revenue authority.
These corrupt practices are rampant in real estate, government contracts and land surveying and the property industry, he noted, adding that a number of real estate agents are not registered, and therefore operate illegally.
When it comes to the question of whether it is the private sector corrupting the government or the government corrupting the private sector, Coetzee said the government breeds…